Mindfulness involves attending to experiences on a moment-to-moment basis with intention to cultivate nonjudgmental, nonreactive states of awareness. Mindfulness-based treatments teach students to remain in contact with and relate differently to challenging affective or physical states,use alternatives to avoidant-based coping, recognize underlying reasons for maladaptive behaviors, and identify and increase contact with natural contingencies.
Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) integrates evidence-based practices to decrease the probability and severity of relapse for patients. This program draws on components of such as identifying individual risk factors and common antecedents of relapse. Based on mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive therapy for depression, are formal practices, such as sitting meditation, which increases awareness of and exposure to emotional and cognitive experience, and briefer informal mindfulness practices to increase awareness and behavioral flexibility in daily life.4